All you need to know about Ameloblastoma.
Know your ailment well, so you can manage it better!!
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What is Ameloblastoma?
Ameloblastoma is a rare jaw disease-causing irregular growth of tissue. Typically, the resulting tumours or cysts are not malignant (benign), although, in the involved region, tissue development may be aggressive. Tissue adjacent to the jaws, such as around the sinuses and eye sockets, can also become involved on occasion. The tissues involved are most commonly those that give rise to the teeth to induce facial distortion with ameloblastoma. As with metastases, malignancy is unlikely, but it does occur.
What causes Ameloblastoma?
There is little understanding of the cause of ameloblastoma. Causes can involve mouth or jaw damage, tooth or gum infection, or inflammation in the same regions. Virus diseases or a lack of protein or nutrients in people’s diets are often accused of causing these tumours to expand or develop. Scientists do not, however, necessarily recognise the cause of cysts and tumours, nor the causes why they may become malignant.
What are the symptoms of Ameloblastoma?
In the sinus region or jaw, ameloblastoma is characterised by irregular development, frequently at the third molar site. Tumours or cysts may extend to the nose, eye socket, and skull and can be aggressive. To avoid tumour growth and potential progression to cancer, ameloblastoma needs to be diagnosed and treated early on. While it is rare, it is recognised that ameloblastomas become malignant and spread to other areas of the body, especially to the lungs. To prevent a recurrence, the original surgical procedure must be performed cautiously and scrupulously.
Normally, ameloblastomas do not become malignant. There is evidence that tissue is more likely to become malignant if the disease reoccurs following surgery.
How is Ameloblastoma diagnosed?
- Diagnosis of ameloblastoma may start with tests such as:
- Tests for Imaging: Doctors can determine the degree of ameloblastoma by X-ray, CT and MRI scans. The development of tumour can often be detected in the dentist’s office on regular X-rays.
- MRI (magnetic resonance imaging): Powerful magnets and radio waves are used to make images of your mouth.
- CT (computerized tomography) scan: Several X-rays are taken from different angles and put together to show more detailed information.
- Tissue test: Doctors can extract a sample of tissue or a sample of cells to validate the diagnosis and send it to a laboratory for examination.
What is the treatment for Ameloblastoma?
Ameloblastoma treatment may include:
- Surgery to remove the tumour. Treatment of ameloblastoma normally involves surgery to remove the tumour. Ameloblastoma also extends to the surrounding jawbone, so the infected section of the jawbone will need to be removed by surgeons. The risk of ameloblastoma coming back is reduced by an aggressive approach to surgery.
- Surgery to repair the jaw. If operation entails cutting half of the jawbone, the jaw can be healed and reconstructed by surgeons. This will help change how the jaw feels and then performs. The procedure will also allow you to be able to feed and talk.
- Radiation therapy. After surgery, or if surgery is not an option, radiation therapy using high-powered energy beams could be required.
- Supportive care. During and after therapy, several professionals may help you work with listening, chewing and eating issues.
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