Arthritis — Know It All!
All you need to know about Arthritis
Know your ailment well, so you can manage it better!!
We, the team Clipo always wanted to help create a better ecosystem for healthcare. Hence, we are rolling out with the “Ailment — Know it all” series, which provides a basic understanding of what the ailment is to help you cope up with the same.
Here we go with one of the most popular disorders, Arthritis today!
What is Arthritis?
“Arthritis” simply means an inflammation/swelling of the joints. While joint inflammation is not a particular condition but a symptom or sign, the word arthritis is sometimes used to apply to any disease involving the joints and surrounding tissues which affect the quality of life of patients. Joints are places where two bones, including your elbow or knee, come together.
Arthritis is of multiple forms. Other organs, such as your eyes, heart, or skin, can also be affected in certain cases under which arthritis occurs.
Fortunately, current therapies allow most arthritis patients to lead active and successful lives.
What are the types of Arthritis?
There are various forms of arthritis. Popular ones constitute the following:
Ankylosing Spondylitis is a common form of arthritis which affects the spine. This also includes redness, sweat, swelling, and spinal pain or joint pain where the pelvic bone meets the bottom of the spine.
Gout is triggered by crystals of uric acid that build up in the joints. Crystals that build up in the joints trigger gout. Typically it affects the big toe but it can affect several other joints.
Rheumatoid arthritis occurs when the body’s own system of defence is not functioning properly. It affects joints and bones (often hands and feet), and may affect internal organs and systems as well. You may feel sick or exhausted and there may be a fever.
Osteoarthritis occurs typically with age and most often affects the feet, knees, and hips. Osteoarthritis accompanies a joint injury. For example, when you’re young and hurt your knee then, you may develop arthritis in your knee joint years later.
Interesting Statistic in Arthritis:
Sex: most types of arthritis are more common in females, and 60 per cent of all people with arthritis are female. Gout is more common in males than in females.
What are the symptoms of arthritis?
Common symptoms of arthritis might include the following:
Pain, redness, heat, swelling in your joints, trouble with movement, fever, breathing issues, weight loss, rashes, or itches.
What causes Arthritis?
Some genes, for some kinds such as rheumatoid arthritis and juvenile arthritis, have been found in some cases. People with osteoarthritis can inherit weakness in the cartilage.
If you have the gene, the disorder can get activated by something in your environment. Repeated joint damage may result, for example, in osteoarthritis.
What are the Risk Factors of Arthritis?
Risk factors for arthritis include certain forms of arthritis in families, meaning if your parents or relatives have the condition, you might be more likely to experience arthritis. Your chromosomes may make you more prone to conditions that may cause arthritis from the climate. The risk rises with age for many cases of arthritis, including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and gout. Women are more likely to develop rheumatoid arthritis than men, while most patients with gout, another type of arthritis, are men. People who have damaged a joint are more likely to ultimately develop arthritis in that joint, maybe when playing a sport.
How to diagnose Arthritis?
Doctor diagnosis includes x-ray, blood, and physical examination for confirmation.
How to treat Arthritis?
Your doctor will talk to you about the best way to treat your arthritis, based upon the type you have. Possible treatments options are as follows:
Medications such as:
- Pain relievers that are taken by mouth.
- Creams or ointments that are rubbed into the skin over sore muscles or joints to relieve pain.
- Medications that may slow the course of the disease and prevent further damage to joints or other parts of the body.
- Surgery, such as joint replacement.
How to Cope up with Arthritis:
Some people may be concerned that arthritis means they can’t work or take care of their kids and their families. Some say you just ought to accept these issues like arthritis. It’s possible that can be uncomfortable with arthritis. Still, to feel better, there are things you should do.
Take the drugs as and when they should be taken. Workout to relieve discomfort and stiffness in the joints. It also assists in weight control, thus reducing stress on the joints. You should speak to your doctor about a healthy and thorough fitness plan.
Using hot and cold treatments to minimize discomfort and inflammation of the joints. Consider relaxation treatment by finding how to calm the muscles, to help relieve pain. Use splints and braces to protect or enable relaxing of weakened joints.
You should contact the doctor to ensure that the splint or brace suits properly.
Using assistive equipment such as using a stick or shoe to relieve discomfort when walking.
Gopala Krishna Varshith,
Content Developer & Editor,